Wednesday, September 21, 2005
The timing and strength of the latest storm could cause worse spike at the pumps than Katrina did.
NEW YORK (CNN/Money) - Remember when gas spiked to $3-plus a gallon after Hurricane Katrina? By this time next week, that could seem like the good old days.
Weather and energy experts say that as bad as Hurricane Katrina hit the nation's supply of gasoline, Hurricane Rita could be worse.
Katrina damage was focused on offshore oil platforms and ports. Now the greater risk is to oil-refinery capacity, especially if Rita slams into Houston, Galveston and Port Arthur, Texas.
"We could be looking at gasoline lines and $4 gas, maybe even $5 gas, if this thing does the worst it could do," said energy analyst Peter Beutel of Cameron Hanover. "This storm is in the wrong place. And it's absolutely at the wrong time," said Beutel.
Michael Schlacter, chief meteorologist at Weather 2000, said Rita now appears most likely to hit between Port Arthur and Corpus Christi, Texas, sometime between Friday afternoon and Saturday morning.
Sunday, September 11, 2005
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Playboy is an adult entertainment magazine, founded in 1953 by Hugh Hefner, which has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc. NYSE: PLA, reaching into every form of media. Playboy is one of the world's best known brands. In addition to the flagship magazine in the United States, special country-specific versions of Playboy are published worldwide.
The magazine is published monthly and features photographs of nude women, along with various articles on fashion, sports, and consumer goods, and often short fiction by top literary writers as well. The magazine has been known to express liberal opinions on most major political issues.
Playboy's use of "tasteful" nude photos is often classified as “soft core” adult reading material. More “hard core” pornographic magazines started to appear in the 1970s in response to the success of Playboy's more explicit rival, Penthouse.
The first centerfold was Marilyn Monroe, although the picture used had originally been taken for a calendar rather than Playboy. Hefner purchased the rights to the photos of Monroe along with others.
The first issue, published in December, 1953, did not carry a date, as Hefner was unsure whether there would be a second issue. That first issue was an immediate sensation and sold out within a matter of weeks. Known circulation was 53,991 (Source: Playboy Collector's Association Playboy Magazine Price Guide). The cover price was 50¢. Copies of the first issue in Mint to Near Mint condition fetched over $5000 in 2002.
The famous Playboy logo, depicting the stylized profile of a rabbit wearing a tuxedo bow tie, was designed by art designer Art Paul for the magazine's second issue and has appeared on every issue since; a running joke in the magazine involves hiding the logo somewhere in the cover art or photograph. Hefner said that he chose the rabbit as a mascot for its “humorous sexual connotation”, and because the image was “frisky and playful”.
Since reaching its peak in the 1970s, Playboy has seen a slow decline in circulation and success, in part due to a series of bad investments in men's clubs and casinos, and partly from increased competition in the field it founded—first from Penthouse in the '70s and more recently from the related area of more irreverent and socially acceptable “lad's mags” such as Maxim and FHM.
In response Playboy has attempted to re-assert its hold on the 18–35 male demographic it once controlled through slight changes to its content and focussing on issues and personalities more appropriate to its audience—such as hip-hop artists being featured in the Playboy Interview.
The “Playboy Interview”, a monthly interview of someone prominent, has become famous for its confrontational style and in-depth process — a typical interview would range from 7 to 10 hours long. The interviewers employed have included Alex Haley and Alvin Toffler.
The "Playboy Interview" started with Miles Davis in September of 1962 (Volume 9 Number 9). Over the years they have conducted interviews with Jimmy Carter, John Lennon, Fidel Castro, Ayn Rand, Malcolm X, Kurt Vonnegut, Bertrand Russell, Salvador Dali, Martin Luther King Jr., Jean-Paul Sartre, George Wallace, Cassius Clay (Muhammed Ali), Madalyn Murray O'Hair, Orson Welles, Ralph Nader, Arthur C. Clarke, Yasir Arafat, Stephen Hawking, Shintaro Ishihara, and Carl Sagan.
Bans on the sale of Playboy
In most parts of Asia (including China, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore and Brunei), Playboy is banned. In 2003, the Censorship Review Committee in Singapore concluded that the ban should be continued because the Singaporean community is not ready for Playboy's liberal use of sexually explicit photographs. In the 1980s, a well-publicized ban occurred when the American convenience store chain 7-Eleven decided to remove the magazine from its stores.
On the 14th of January 2004 the Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that Playboy Enterprises Inc.'s (PEI) trademark terms "playboy" and "playmate" should be protected even in Internet searches that prompt pop-up advertisements. The suit originally started on April 15th 1999, Playboy sued Excite Inc. and Netscape for trademark infringement.
In the original ruling the Honorable Alicemarie Stotler, of the United States District Court for the Central District of California, stated: "Defendants use of the words 'playboy' and 'playmate' in their search engine does not equate to commercial exploitation of plaintiff's ("PEI") trademarks."
The best-selling Playboy edition was the November 1972 edition, which sold 7,161,561 copies. Artist Jack Niland designed the cover to embody the principles of Dharma Art as taught by meditation master Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche. Perhaps coincidentally, a cropped image of the issue's centerfold (which featured Lena Soderberg) became an industry-standard for testing image processing algorithms. It is known simply as the "Lenna" image in that field.
There is some controversy over the airbrushing (or, in recent times, Photoshopping) that is done on the images featured in the magazine. While Playboy images have traditionally been retouched to various degrees, this practice has become quite pronounced in the late 1990s. Some readers say that this kind of photo-editing takes away from authenticity and makes photographs look unnatural.
One example was the case of Pamela Anderson and the "disappearing labia". In Pamela's original Playboy appearance in the issue of February, 1990, there was a rear-view photo with her legs slightly apart and her labia majora plainly visible. In reprints in later "Newstand Specials" as well as a poster-sized print, Pamela had been "defeminized", this area having been painted over, in the color of the object in front of which she was standing.
- First issue with Leroy Neiman's Femlin: August 1955
- First issue with a Vargas girl: March 1957
- First issue with Ian Fleming story: March 1960
- First issue with Playboy Advisor column: September 1960
- First issue with Playboy Interview: September 1962 (with Miles Davis)
- First issue to show female pubic hair: August 1969 (dancer Paula Kelly)
- First issue with Playmate showing pubic hair: January 1971 (Liv Lindeland)
- First issue with Playmate without any pubic hair: September 2001 (Dalene Kurtis)
- First issue with an Asian-American Playmate: August 1964 (China Lee)
- First issue with an African-American Playmate: March 1965 (Jennifer Jackson)
- First issue with signed centerfold: October 1975
- First issue with Playmate data sheet: July 1977.
- First issue without staple in Playmate's navel: October 1985
- First national magazine with Web site (Playboy.com): August 1994
(starting at the accompanying date, or during the accompanying date range)
- Argentina (1985 to 1995)
- Australia (1979 to 2000)
- Brazil (1975 to present) - see Playboy Brasil
- Britain (1953)
- Bulgaria (2002 to present)
- Croatia (1997 to present)
- Czech Republic (1991 to present)
- France (1973 to present)
- Germany (1972 to present)
- Greece (1985 to present)
- Hong Kong (1986 to 1993)
- Hungary (1989 to 1993, 1999 to present)
- Italy (1972 to 2003)
- Japan (1975 to present)
- Mexico (1976 to 1998, 2002 to present)
- The Netherlands (1983 to present)
- Norway (1998 to 1999)
- Poland (1992 to present)
- Romania (1999 to present)
- Russia (1995 to present)
- Serbia (2004 to present)
- Slovakia (1997 to 2002)
- Slovenia (June 2001 to present)
- South Africa (1993 to 1996)
- Spain (1978 to present)
- Sweden (1998-1999)
- Taiwan (1990 to 2003)
- Turkey (1986 to 1995)
The success of Playboy magazine has led PEI to market other versions of the magazine, the Special Editions (also called the News Stand Specials), such as Playboy's College Girls and Playboy's Book of Lingerie, as well as the Playboy video collection. The growth of the internet also prompted the magazine to develop a web site called the Playboy Cyber Club in 1994. In August 2005, Playboy announced the launch of the online edition of magazine Playboy Digital in October 2005.
- List of men's magazines
- List of people in Playboy 1953-1959
- List of people in Playboy 1960-1969
- List of people in Playboy 1970-1979
- List of people in Playboy 1980-1989
- List of people in Playboy 1990-1999
- List of people in Playboy 2000-Present
- The Playboy Mansion
- Playboy Studio West
- Playboy on Campus
- Playboy Videos
- Playboy Enterprises
- Hugh M. Hefner, editor. The Bedside Playboy. Chicago: Playboy Press, 1963.
- Gretchen Edgren, editor. The Playboy Book: Forty Years. Santa Monica, California: General Publishing Group, 1994, ISBN 1881649032
- Playboy: 50 Years, The Photographs. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2003, ISBN 0811839788
- Hugh M. Hefner, editor; Michelle Urry, cartoon editor. Playboy: 50 Years, The Cartoons. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2004. ISBN 0811839761
- Gretchen Edgren, editor. The Playboy Book: Fifty Years. Taschen, 1995. ISBN 3822839760
- G. Barry Golson, editor. The Playboy Interview. New York: Playboy Press, 1981. ISBN 0872236684 (hardcover), ISBN 0872236447 (softcover)
- G. Barry Golson, editor. The Playboy Interview Volume II. New York: Wideview/Perigee, 1983. ISBN 039950768X (hardcover), ISBN 039950769 (softcover)
- David Sheff, interviewer; G. Barry Golson, editor. The Playboy Interviews with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: Playboy Press, 1981, ISBN 0872237052; 2000 edition, ISBN 0312254644
- Playboy Enterprises Inc.
- Playboy.com (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Germany (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Brazil (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Netherlands (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Mexico (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy France (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Japan (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Romania (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy United Kingdom (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Covers of the World— Thousands of Playboy covers from all editions worldwide.Look for the Australian,Croatian,Greek,Italian,Spanish,German,Dutch ... editions. They present the boobs on the cover.
- Crossett, Andrew, "Index: The Women of Playboy - 1967-2004", 2004.
- Index: Interviews conducted 1961-1996
- Playboy's Art of James Bond
- Playboynet (Germany) (Warning: contains nudity)
- Playboy Girls - No nudity, growing categorized list of playboy girls.
- Girls of Playboy - Index of Playmates and Cybergirls (Warning: contains nudity)
Wednesday, September 07, 2005
- Main article: History of Mozilla Firefox
Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross began working on the Firefox project as an experimental branch of the Mozilla project. They believed that the commercial requirements of Netscape's sponsorship and developer-driven feature creep compromised the utility of the Mozilla browser. To combat what they saw as the Mozilla Suite's software bloat, they created a pared-down browser (then known as Phoenix, today known as Firefox), with which they intended to replace the Mozilla Suite. Ben Goodger currently works as the lead developer of Firefox. The Mozilla Firefox project was begun by Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross as an experimental branch of the Mozilla project. ... Logo for Firefox Browser, intended tor use to reference the name of the browser and thus this use is fair. ... Logo for Firefox Browser, intended tor use to reference the name of the browser and thus this use is fair. ... A logotype, commonly known as a logo, is the graphic element of a trademark or brand, which is set in a special typeface/font, or arranged in a particular, but legible, way. ... Dave Hyatt is a software developer currently employed by Apple Computer, (started July 15, 2002) where he is part of the development team responsible for the Safari web browser. ... Blake Ross became a minor celebrity in early 2005 as the press became interested in the personalities behind Firefox following the success of its 1. ... Netscape Communications Corporation was the publisher of the Netscape Navigator web browser as well as many other internet and intranet client and server software products. ... Creeping featurism, or creeping featuritis, is a phrase used (usually within the sphere of software and information technology) to describe the (often erroneous) idea that more features make a thing or product better than the previous version. ... Software bloat is a derogatory term used to describe the tendency of newer computer programs to use larger amounts of system resources (mass storage space, processing power and/or RAM) than older programs. ... Ben Goodger (born in London, England) is a former employee of Netscape Communications Corporation and the Mozilla Foundation and lead developer of the Firefox web browser. ...
- Mozilla from which the Firefox project descends
- Mozilla Thunderbird e-mail application
- Mozilla Calendar personal information manager
- Mozilla Sunbird calendar application
- The Book of Mozilla
- Mozilla Update
- Firefox-ko, personification of Firefox.
- List of web browsers
- List of computer term etymologies
- Comparison of web browsers
- Main article: Features of Mozilla Firefox
The developers of Firefox aim to produce a browser that "just works" for most casual users. Those interested can add (as extensions and plugins) many features not packaged with Firefox. Mozilla Firefox has some features that distinguish it from other browsers like Internet Explorer. ...